This field of medicine focuses on the diagnosis, study and treatment of diseases of the rectum, adrectal area and anus. The official name of this medicine is proctology – the section of surgery that treats diseases of the rectum and colon, is proctology surgical medicine. In Coloproctology, traditional methods of treatment (surgery, conservative treatment), and minimally invasive surgery, are used. Proctologist treats diseases such as hemorrhoids, anal fissure, epithelial coccygeal moves, benign and malignant diseases of the colon and rectum, rectal prolapse, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, and others. A doctor proctologist associated with a gynecologist and a urologist is often necessary in the case of obstetric complications (incontinence).
• Pain in the anus
• Rectal bleeding
• Mucus and pus from the anus
• Difficulty in bowel movement (constipation)
• Bowel obstruction
• Fain during bowel movements
The symptoms of many diseases from rectum and colon are similar but may appear diverse. Among the main features of lesions of the colon or rectum may be called constipation, discharge of blood from the anus during bowel movements, and diarrhea. According to statistics, the most common disease of the anus is hemorrhoid. In proctology is very important to conduct a comprehensive survey, which includes:
• External examination
• Rectal examination
• Ultrasound diagnosis of the abdominal cavity
• X-ray and endoscopic examination.
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