Pulmonology is the medical specialty dealing with diseases involving the respiratory tract.
Pulmonology is called chest medicine and respiratory medicine in some countries and areas. Pulmonology is considered a branch of internal medicine, and is related to intensive care medicine. Pulmonology often involves managing patients who need life support andmechanical ventilation. Pulmonologists are specially trained in diseases and conditions of the chest, particularly pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, emphysema, and complicated chest infections.

The pulmonologist begins the diagnostic process with a general review focusing on:

  • hereditary diseases affecting the lungs (cystic fibrosis, alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency)
  • exposure to toxins (tobacco smoke, asbestos, exhaust fumes, coal mining fumes)
  •  exposure to infectious agents (certain types of birds, malt processing)
  •  an autoimmune diathesis that might predispose to certain conditions (pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension) Physical diagnostics are as important as in the other fields of medicine.
  • Inspection of the hands for signs of cyanosis or clubbing, chest wall, and respiratory rate.
  • Palpation of the cervical lymph nodes, trachea, and chest wall movement.
  • Percussion of the lung fields for dullness or hyper resonance.
  • Auscultation (with a stethoscope) of the lung fields for diminished or unusual breath sounds.
  •  Rales or Rhonchi are heard over lung fields with a stethoscope. As many heart diseases can give pulmonary signs, a thorough cardiac investigation is usually included


• Laboratory investigation of blood (blood tests). Sometimes arterial blood gas measurements are also required.
• Spirometry (the determination of lung volumes in time by breathing into a dedicated machine; response to bronchodilatators anddiffusion of carbon monoxide)
• Bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), endobronchial and transbronchial biopsy and epithelial brushing
• Chest X-rays
• CT scanning (MRI scanning is rarely used)
• Scintigraphy and other methods of nuclear medicine
• Positron emission tomography (especially in lung cancer)
• Polysomnography (sleep studies) commonly used for the diagnosis of Sleep apnea

If you need urgent care, simply call our 24 hour emergency hotline.

Our Team will ensure that you receive the best possible care.

Call Now (Whatsapp as well)

(+91) 7698003120

We believe in affordable specialty healthcare for all.

We provide Affordable treatments along with cashless treatment facilities

Bodyline Hospitals, a venture of Kidneyline Health Care was set up in the year 2010 with the basic intent of providing quality health care to people of all ages and of all socioeconomic strata.

Subscribe Now

Don’t miss our future updates! Get Subscribed Today!